A BRIEF HISTORY OF EVOLUTION OF KANNADA SCRIPTS

 

The Kannada script or the Kannada Lipi is basically derived from the ancient script of Brahmi.

 

There was an off-shoot from the original Brahmi script during the early 3rd century BC; this off-shoot gradually was developed as the script for Proto-Kannada. During the 4th century AD this script developed into the Kadamba script which again was derived as the Old Kannada script that existed till the 10th century AD. It is this Old Kannada script that is the mother of the modern day Kannada and Telugu scripts. So, it can be said that both Telugu and Kannada scripts have evolved from the same base of the ancient Brahmi script.

 

 

 

Kannada script is also used to write some of the other South Indian languages such as Kodava, Konkani and Tulu. Apart from the Devanagri script it is the script used to denote the second highest number of other languages. There is a historic evidence of Kannada being used in writing Badaga language of the Nilgiri region and also the Konkani in the Goa region where the script was named as Goykanadi. The present day Telugu script was derived from the Old Kannada script between the 11th and 14th century AD.

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RELATIONSHIP OF KANNADA WITH OTHER LANGUAGES:

 

Linguists opine that there at least 5000 languages being used in different parts of the world, in India itself we find nearly about 1000 different languages. Some languages have a huge user base exceeding a hundred million while some others have only a few hundred speakers. A language cannot always be independent or remain static. Most of the flourishing languages of today have undergone drastic modifications during the course of their growth, have gained from their interaction with the other languages, have borrowed and lent words with other languages that have come into their contact and have stood the ravages of time. Such an interaction builds a relationship among the different languages.

 

 

 

Kannada too has a relationship with many of the languages that have come into an interaction with it. This relationship could be due to the three major factors as follow-

 

1. Geographical factors: Geographically Kannada speaking region is covered by regions speaking Marathi in the north, Tamil and Malayalam in the south, Telugu in the east and Konkani and Tulu in the west. People in these regions have to interact with each other in their daily activities and thus have influenced the languages of each other.

 

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KANNADA PROVERBS AND APHORISMS

 

Kannada has a vast and rich source of proverbs; they are mostly on the colloquial language and their origin could be as old as the language itself. They are mostly the sayings derived from the past experiences of the people about life; the sayings are full of wisdom and are intended to guide us through our life. The reliability of them is so sure that there is one proverb on the proverbs themselves- Veda sulladaru gaade sullagadu (Proverbs can never be proved wrong; they prevail even when Vedas could go wrong). From the past they have flowed from mouth to mouth without being actually recorded in any form, it was only in the later part of 19th century that some western scholars such as Col. Colin McKenzie, Rev. Ferdinand Kittel and J.F.Fleet began researching and recording some of the treasures of folk arts with respect to different and particular regions and also unique to some of the tribes and marginalized communities in Karnataka. After this many following western as well as Kannada scholars such as Mathigatta Krishnamurthy, D.Javaregouda, H.L.Nagegouda, Simpi Linganna, M.M.Kalburgi, Madenuru Sanganna, Chandrashekara Kambara and many others who realized the richness, relevance and life fullness of proverbs , gradually began collecting the available proverbs among the common people and have framed them in their collections. Continue http://www.indianscripts.com/Articles/KANNADA-PROVERBS-AND-APHORISMS.html

Medical Translation into Indic Languages

Medical translations require a great deal of skill and expertise at the best of times. Texts must be translated with extreme accuracy and according to a range of specific standards to ensure that no errors that could potentially have serious legal or even fatal consequences are made.

For most countries, translating a particular medical document typically means translating it into one specific national language. To translate, for instance, a user manual for medical equipment to be marketed across India, however, means getting the source language translated into a range of major Indian languages.

Every region of India has its own specific regional language, and with that, different ways of describing or referring to certain aspects of medical terms. This naturally requires specific knowledge of all the different variations and cultural differences within those regions and languages.

Translators will, among other things, have to have specific knowledge of certain terms used to describe particular conditions in different provinces.

A non-medical term or phrase used to describe the medical term ‘hypertension’ to make it more understandable for a patient, for example, may be totally different in Punjabi than it would be in Oriya, for instance.

Knowing these differences is vital to ensure that patients or their representatives are adequately informed and have no reason to sue a hospital or doctor for misinformation or in severe cases maybe even malpractice.

Most Indic language translation services will only translate documents into one or maybe two of these languages at a time, which means that the same document may have to be submitted to a whole list of agencies in order to get it localized for all areas within India.

We have assembled a team of highly trained experts that is able to translate a medical text of any kind from English into languages including Gujarati, Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Oriya and Bengali, as well as Tamil, Nepali, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi and Telegu

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Our team members are all not only highly trained translators and specialized in medical translations; they are also well versed in the individual cultural aspects, attitudes, styles, etc applicable to each of these varying regions.

This means our clients can have a text, such as manual instructions for medical devices and equipment and/ or software, marketing brochures, training curriculums or packaging labels translated and localized for just about every province within India under one roof, at the same price for each translation.

The range of documents we specialize in also includes any other toxicological, clinical, pharmaceutical or biological documents, as well as medical questionnaires, patient information documents, glossaries of medical terminology or individual informed consent forms.

In other words, whether a Hindi medical translation is required to inform a patient of his condition or whether a complete Indic language translation for a new pharmaceutical product is required, our experts will be able to perform the task to the client’s greatest satisfaction and to the highest standards.

Whatever your requirement, contact us  info@indianscripts.com now for an example of our work and/ or a quote.

The Process of Medical Translation

Medical translations typically involve the translation of clinical, regulatory, technical and marketing documentation, software related documents or training courses for healthcare, medical device or pharmaceutical fields.

 

Countries around the globe require the translation of literature and labeling related to medical equipment or pharmaceuticals to be sold sold into their national languages.

 

In addition, documentation for clinical trials frequently has to be translated to allow local clinicians, patients and their representatives to read and subsequently understand them. The same applies to regulatory approval submissions.

 

Because medical texts are highly sensitive, technical and regulated, translators have to have specific training and extensive knowledge of medical and technical terms and procedures on top of their linguistic skills.

 

Because emphasis on high quality is very high due to the potential life and death implications of medical texts, translating agencies typically conform to at least one of a variety of standards, including the quality system standard (ISO 9001), the European standard of translation vendor quality (EN 15038) and/ or the standard of manufacture of medical equipment and devices (ISO 13485).

 

To ensure the translation of all medical texts are accurate and in perfect compliance with these high standards, translation takes place in a set of steps.

 

After the text to be translated from the source format, it is converted from the source language, let’s say English, into the target language, such as Urdu, for example.

 

This is done by highly trained translators using a variety of specialist tools and translation memory, a type of glossary used by translators to ensure the style of documents remains consistent.

 

The translated text is then read and edited by a second expert to ensure approved terminology, style and tone have been adhered to. Following this, the text is put into the required format, such as HTML, a word document, PDF, an e-learning program, etc.

 

This is followed by the document being proofread, ensuring that spelling, punctuation, page and line breaks are correct and no text has been corrupted. Finally, a so-called in-country review takes place.

 

This essentially means a native speaker of the language the text has been translated into reviews the document to ensure all specifications, product specifics or therapy specifics have been met correctly.

 

Our highly skilled experts adhere to these essential guidelines whenever they translate texts fro English into languages such as Bengali, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu or Marathi; Telegu, Tamil, Malayalam, Oriya, Nepali, Kannada or Punjabi. www.indianscripts.com

 

 

The documents we specialize in translating include everything from brochures and packaging labels through user manuals, software and training documentation, medical questionnaires and glossaries of medical terms to patient information and informed consent forms.

 

In fact, any type of biological, clinical,  toxicological or pharmaceutical documents will be dealt with according to the same strict guidelines by our highly trained professional translators to ensure first class, accurate translations are produced at all times.

 

Don’t leave accuracy to chance – get a professional translating agency for your Indic language translation of important medical documents. It could, after all, save lives. www.indianscripts.com

 

KANNADA RESOURCES IN INTERNET: DICTIONARY, FONTS, SOFTWARE

 

 

Some experts opine that for a language as Kannada, the winner of eight Jnanpith awards so far and with more than fifteen hundred years of unbroken literary history, the available resources in internet to get acquainted with the language are not that much adequate as it should have been. Yet the state government of Karnataka, Kannada Ganaka Parishat, Kannada Abhivridhi Pradhikara, Kannada Sahithya Parishat and Kannada Knowledge Commission off late have been instrumental in framing some new fonts, software in Kannada for promoting Kannada in computer. Below are some of the resources in internet helpful in knowing Kannada.

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Medical Translation and Healthcare Industries

Accurate, effective communication is of utmost importance within the health care industry. Errors in the translation of documents, such as user manuals, patient information or medical questionnaires can literally make the difference between life and death.

This is why medical and other translations and localizations within all areas of the healthcare industry have to be consistently accurate.

When it comes to dealing with medical equipment of any kind, physician related services and general well being of patients, translations into Indian languages, for example, have to be culturally appropriate, clear and both sensitively and carefully handled.

Mistranslations or misinterpretations of therms and phrases can lead to very serious consequences. A badly translated informed consent form, for instance, could lead to a patient not being as informed as they should be about a procedure to be undertaken, and subsequently going on to sue a medical practitioner or hospital for misinformation or even malpractice.

This, of course, is not acceptable under any circumstances. For this reason, doctors will often use common, rather than medical terms in such forms. It allows a patient to clearly understand what is happening. A translator has to make sure such nuances are kept within the translation.

Legal requirements also need to be translated exactly, as opposed to being loosely interpreted. A a matter of fact, specific laws and recommendations relating to healthcare, privacy and language requirements have to be taken into consideration when translating medical documents to ensure appropriate localization and assistance for those living in other countries without speaking the language very well.

We, http://www.indianscripts.com ,  have the expertise to ensure that your documents will at all times be in compliance with these laws and recommendations. Our translators are trained and experienced in dealing with medical translations of all types.

Our company specializes in in particular in producing first class translations of patient information, informed consent forms, medical glossaries and medical questionnaires, as well as all kinds of biological, clinical, pharmaceutical and toxicological documents, software and equipment user manuals, brochures and packaging labels.

We are able to translate documents from English into 12 Indian languages, including Urdu, Telegu, Tamil, Punjabi, Oriya, and Nepali; Marathi, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi, Gujarati and Bengali. http://www.indianscripts.com

Whether you require a brochure or packaging label to be localized for marketing a product in a Gujarati speaking area or whether you need patient information to be translated into Tamil to help a patient understand what is happening, our experts will ensure it is done perfectly and in compliance with all relevant laws.

The importance of the correctness of medical translations with regards to every aspect of healthcare can not be stressed enough. It has to be right at all times to ensure no lives are being put at risk through what seemed to be just minor errors at the time.

Do not take the risk of getting it wrong by allowing a bilingual staff member to do the translation. Get a quote from us now and see for yourself how cost-effective getting it right can be.